October Federal Primary Election - 10/06/16*
Jack Martins and Philip Pidot
Incumbent Steve Israel (D), who began serving in Congress in 2001, chose not to seek re-election in 2016, leaving the seat open. A special Republican primary will be held on October 6, 2016, following a court ruling. Jack Martins and Philip Pidot will compete in that primary. Martins originally challenged Pidot's signatures and got him thrown off the June 28 primary ballot. However, it was later ruled that Pidot had the required number of signatures, but it was too late for him to be reinstated on the June ballot. As a result, Martins faced no opponent in the regular primary. On August 17, 2016, a federal court ruled that a new primary would be held on October 6. The winner of that primary will face Tom Suozzi (D) and Michael McDermott (L) in the general election on November 8, 2016.
General Election - 11/08/2016**
President of the United States, U.S. Senate, U.S. House, State Assembly, State Senate, City Council Bronx 17, Judge of the Civil Court - District, Judge of the Civil Court - County, Female State Committee, Male State Committee, Female District Leader, Male District Leader, County Committee, Delegate to Judicial Convention, Alternate Delegate to the Judicial Convention
There are no ballot measures for New York.
The President is the elected head of state and head of government of the United States. The president leads the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander in-chief of the United States Armed Forces.
U.S. House of Representatives
Members of the House of Representatives have certain exclusive duties which include, initiating revenue bills, impeaching federal officials, and electing the president in case of an electoral tie.
Each state elects two senators whom serve upon the Senate. The major duties of members of the Senate include ratifying treaties, confirmation of Cabinet secretaries, federal judges, Supreme Court Justices, and other federal executive officials, and the trial of federal officials impeached by the House.
New York State Assembly
The Assembly is part of the New York State Legislature. The Assembly has 150 members, each of whom represents the 150 assembly district in New York State. Duties of assembly members include the ability to pass laws, reapportion district after the census, and they act as the main legislative power of the state.
New York State Senate
New York State has 62 Senators. Senators have the power to confirm the Governor's appointment on non-elected state officials and court judges, pass laws, and act as a check upon the executive and judiciary powers of the State.
City Council Member
The City Council is the legislative body of the city, members come together to adopt local laws, amend the City Charter, enact local taxes, approve the budget, and oversee city agencies. Most importantly, they have the power to override mayoral vetoes.
One female and one male district leader represents the voters within their part of the assembly district. Official duties of the Democratic District Leader include electing the Chair of the county party, setting the party’s platform, appointing election workers at local poll sites, and helping to select nominees for civil court judgeships. Other duties include electing the Chair of the county party, helping to select nominees for civil court, attending party meetings and events on behalf of the district.
State Committee Member
The main responsibilities of the state committee member include attending their respective political party’s state conventions, participating in the conventions, and lending their full support to the endorsement of the candidates picked by their parties at the conventions. A strong State Committee Member also serves as a liaison between the community and local officials, city government, and political candidates, and brings back information from state and federal elected officials to let the party members of the assembly district know their concerns are being listened to and being acted on.
County Committee Member
This position is a stepping stone for individuals wishing to become more involved in politics. Running for this position requires petitioning, which will help you become familiar with the process, and once elected the contributions required of you are minimal. However, individuals can take charge, and it helps provide individuals a platform for leadership. A county committee member represents an election district which is the smallest political unit, usually comprising of 700 – 1000 people, or 1 to 3 city blocks.
Justices of the Supreme Court of New York State
A justice on this court may handle civil cases as well as serious felonies. Keep in mind the Supreme Court in New York is different than in other states because decisions may be appealed to a higher court (Court of Appeals).
Justices of the Civil Court of the City of New York
Justices of this court handle cases under $25,000, including a Small Claims Court for cases under $3000. Justices will also handle housing disputes.
Judicial Delegates are elected during the same time as other political positions. Unlike the other political positions, each political party elects judicial delegates. The main responsibility of judicial delegates is to attend a convention where they elect individuals to the New York State Supreme Court. This is an unpaid job, but requires little time, and is a great public service opportunity. It also gives newcomers the opportunity to learn more about petitioning and the political process.
Q: What does a college have to do with the 2016 Presidential Election?
A: The Electoral College chooses the President and Vice President of the United States. According to the Constitution: “electors shall meet in their respective States and vote by ballot for President and Vice President.” (Amendment XII)” and the day on which they give their votes shall be the same throughout the United States.” (Article II). These quadrennial formal gatherings in each state capitol are known as a “college.”
Q: How are these electors chosen?
A: The Constitution allows each state legislature to decide how their electors are chosen. In some states they are selected by state legislators. In others they are elected by voters in Congressional districts, or elected by all the voters in the state. In New York the candidates and the state parties name the electors. They are usually party officials, elected officials, or leading citizens enrolled in the party. The political parties or independent candidates in each state submit a list of individuals pledged to their presidential candidate. (An elector cannot be a member of Congress or hold federal office). Serving as an elector is considered an honor, a reward for faithful service.
Q: Could we elect a President who is not from one of the two major parties?
A: It is possible but not likely, as the present winner-take-all system supports the presidential two-party system. Today the political party or independent candidate who wins the most popular votes within a state, even by only one vote, wins all of the electoral votes from that state. Maine and Nebraska have variations of proportional representation
Q: How will the electoral college work in 2016?
A: On November 8th, voters in each state will cast their ballots for the party state electors representing their choice for president and vice-president. Most state ballots say “Electors for” each set of candidates rather than listing the individual electors on each slate. On December 19th the winning slate of electors will meet in each state capitol and cast their votes. On January 6, 2017 the sealed votes from each state capitol will be opened before a joint session of Congress. The results are certified and the nation has a newly elected president.
Q: How many votes in the electoral college does it take to win the Presidential nomination?
A: The magic number is 270. Amajority of at least one more than half is required. The total number of votes in the Electoral College is 538 since there are 100 senators and 435 representatives plus three electors for the District of Columbia.
Q: How many electoral votes does New York State have?
A: New York has 29 electoral votes. Each state has electors equal to the number of its U.S. Senators (always 2) plus the number of its U.S. Representatives. This number may change after each census because the number of each state’s representatives in Congress is based on the census count taken every decade. As a result of the 2010 census the states with over 20 electoral votes are: CA-55, TX-38, FL-29, IL-20, and PA-20. The following each have the minimum three electors: Alaska, Delaware, North and South Dakota, Montana, Vermont, Wyoming, and the District of Columbia
Q: Must electors vote for their party's candidate?
A: Although most states have laws binding electors, this is not mandated by federal law. There have been cases of “defector electors” but such votes have never affected the final outcome of an election.
Q: If neither candidate gets at least 270 electoral votes, how are the President and Vice President chosen?
A: For the presidency: In January, the newly elected House of Representatives, voting by states—one state equals one vote—elects the president from among the three candidates who received the most electoral votes. A majority of votes (26) is required. (This happened in 1824 with the election of John Quincy Adams over Andrew Jackson, the candidate who had received the largest number of popular votes). For the vice presidency: The Senate picks from the top two vice presidential candidates. Each senator has one vote. A majority (51) of the whole Senate is needed for election. It is possible, particularly in a three-way race, that the House might select a president from one party, and the Senate could select the vice-president from another.
Q: Why did the framers set up such a complicated system?
A: Some delegates at the 1787 Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia favored a direct election by the people while others believed that the president should be elected by the national legislature (Congress). The idea of election by an Electoral College was a compromise.
Q: Why don't we change the system?
A: Proposals for change have been made, especially in years when third parties or independent candidates received substantial popular votes. A constitutional amendment would be required to eliminate or change the system, but state legislatures may alter the process by which their electors are chosen. The League of Women Voters opposes the Electoral College and advocates a direct election by popular vote and supports the ‘National Popular Vote’, a proposal that has received the support of eleven states including New York State. The National Popular Vote proposal is that each state’s electors would vote for the candidate who won the national popular vote even if that candidate had not carried their state. This system might not require a constitutional amendment and could be effective if states having a total of 270 electoral votes approved it. Those in favor of the current Electoral College process say that it contributes to political stability by encouraging a two-party system of representation. Those in the “if it ain’t broke” school point out that every twentieth century president won the popular vote and Electoral College vote. However, in 2000 this was not the case. The Democratic candidate Al Gore won the popular vote and the Republican candidate George W. Bush won the electoral vote. On December 12, 2000 the United States Supreme Court ruled George W. Bush the winner.
* Only voters enrolled in a party having a primary may vote in a Primary Election
** All registered voters in the district having a Special Election or General Election may vote
To check your voter party enrollment visit the New York State Voter Lookup.
Visit our online voter guide at vote411.org. Enter your address to find your polling place, build your ballot with our online voters' guide and much more! With our voters' guide you can see the races on your ballot, compare candidates' positions side-by-side, and print out a "ballot" indicating your preferences as a reminder and take it with you to the polls on Election Day. Check out our resources for military and overseas voters.
TV Channels – Each debate will be broadcast live on C-SPAN, ABC, CBS, FOX and NBC, as well as all cable news channels including CNN, Fox News and MSNBC among others.
Time – 9pm to 10:30pm ET
Monday, September 26, 2016
First presidential debate
Location: Hofstra University, Hempstead, NY
The first debate will be divided into six time segments of approximately 15 minutes each on major topics to be selected by the moderator and announced at least one week before the debate. The moderator will open each segment with a question, after which each candidate will have two minutes to respond. Candidates will then have an opportunity to respond to each other. The moderator will use the balance of the time in the segment for a deeper discussion of the topic.
Tuesday, October 4, 2016
Vice presidential debate
Location: Longwood University, Farmville, VA
The Vice Presidential debate will be divided into nine time segments of approximately 10 minutes each. The moderator will ask an opening question, after which each candidate will have two minutes to respond. The moderator will use the balance of the time in the segment for a deeper discussion of the topic.
Sunday, October 9, 2016 Second presidential debate
Location: Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO
The second presidential debate will take the form of a town meeting, in which half of the questions will be posed directly by citizen participants and the other half will be posed by the moderator based on topics of broad public interest as reflected in social media and other sources. The candidates will have two minutes to respond and there will be an additional minute for the moderator to facilitate further discussion. The town meeting participants will be uncommitted voters selected by the Gallup Organization.
Wednesday, October 19, 2016
Third presidential debate
Location: University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV
The format for the third debate will be identical to the first presidential debate.
Poll workers (election inspectors) conduct assigned duties at a polling site on Election Day. Duties can include issuing ballots to registered voters, registering voters, monitoring the voting equipment, explaining how to mark the ballot or use the voting equipment or counting votes. All positions are paid including the required training.
Apply online or download the application below: